Model Livestock Haat System

 

Livestock haat is most predominant system of selling and buying livestock in India. As per study in Uttar Pradesh , The Goat Trust profiled over 35 weekly livestock haats in 12 districts of Uttar Pradesh.

In spite of popularity of livestock haats as an established marketing system, operations of livestock haat had seen sordid management. Major strength and weakness of present haat system has been documented as follows –

Positive side

  • Traditional system having an old history as old as 150 years traceable history.
  • Managed by traders’s themselves and have an administrative structure with nominal charges of transactions and large traders getting bulk purchase charges as 30% of normal per unit charge.
  • Have competitive atmosphere and self managed transport system making low per animal transport cost and traders have option to pull their animal.
  • Some of haat have over night storage facility.
  • Traders are well known to each other and often shares limited credit facility and have good bonding.
  • Efficient trading as within 3 to 4 hours are able to conclude business worth of 20 to 30 Lakhs.
  • Have an eye for animals theft or stolen and heavy punishment for mis conduct or theft of animals .
  • No major disputes or legal complications happens as people have self developed conflict resolution system.

Negative side

  • Becomes a major spot for disease spread (including dreaded disease like PPR) as they are not health check up or any disease monitoring system and animals are kept tied very close to each other.
  • Availability of feed and water is a serious constraint in most of haats.
  • Due to long transport and under fed conditions, livestock are susceptible to stress and diseases and most often rearing such livestock after purchasing requires extensive support else very high mortality rate.
  • Haat largely promotes low quality animal as focus on breed especially in small livestock is not valued much.
  • Most of haats are trader dominated and having no least scope for direct producer participation.
  • Pricing is not transparent and for producer understanding price is difficult. As traders have bonding sometimes they create nexus and producers get lower price due to situational condition.
  • Haat charges are arbitrary and varies with traders and depends on personal relations with management.
  • Records of sale and purchase are either not available or not easily shared with other stakeholders making exact business volume, seasonality and price analysis difficult.

Opportunities

  • A basic awareness of major diseases and check up before entry can help in reducing chances of spread of diseases.
  • Haat can be used as media to promote awareness on improved management practices, products and information on season based recommendation.
  • Competitions of elite animal by the side of haat and prizes can promote adoption of high quality livestock and importance of genetic improvement to stakeholders.
  • A weight platform and sales record can help in assessing price of livestock and may be compared with other haats and locations.
  • Proper receipt of sales and purchase can streamline data and management decisions can be taken to manage it better.
  • Availability of feed and fodder, water, shades can lead to better livestock care and lessen stress in livestock.
  • Availability of medicines and first aid can go a long way in enhancing traders knowledge and ensuring no sudden death or loss of livestock.
  • Transport can be better organized by following minimum facility during transport.
  • Products like feed, breeding services, vaccinations, supplementary feed, fodder seeds, financial services like loan, insurance, credits can be easily promoted.

Based on above opportunities, The Goat Trust innovated a model of ideal Goat haat system near its training & Research center, which ensures following facilities –

  • Facility for registration of livestock with health check up, live body weight and estimated price given printed through hand held printing devices at entry point of Haat.
  • Arrangement of proper tying place, feed, fodder, water on cost recovery basis to ensure proper feeding and watering.
  • Availability of trained health care professionals and medicines for emergency health care and awareness.
  • Stall with video show on improved practices in beginning and towards conclusion of haat.
  • Facility to stock purchased goats.