Training and Field Support


Training and field support to development organization/Projects /Network NGOs

The Goat Trust by design works in network mode for a particular geographical area to support 5 to 10 teams and or organisations on a long term (2 to 5 Years) basis. In such cases starting from problem analysis up to successful implementation of key concepts are supported by The Goat Trust. As on date The Goat Trust extended technical support to over 48 organisations and large development programs in 14 Indian states. Some of the major steps of such support are –

Some of the major steps of such support are –

Area feasibility analysis for strengthening goat based livelihoods –

A field study is undertaken to assess existing status, role of goats in livelihoods, interplay with other livestock and crop of the area, resource utilization pattern, major facilitating and constraining factors of business, status of trades. A brief assessment of feasibility assessment around social, economic, environmental and resource use efficiency is undertaken. Analysis based livelihoods development strategy is developed for particular region/area/district.

Orientation workshop of key stakeholders –

On field findings and The goat Trust tested concepts of strengthening small livestock based livelihoods – A two days workshop of major stakeholders, program managers and coordinators is undertaken to share field level findings, constraints and major concepts of The Goat Trust with process details. A process manual of major activities are provided to partner organization to develop a common understanding on key concepts and process envisaged for the area. Selection criteria for key local human resource are also.

Training of Community Livestock Managers –

Team selects and nominate some rural youths from the area to be trained as community Livestock Manager (CLM) under two phase , each of 10 days and inter phase field work of 40 days. After first phase of training, these rural youths do PRA in field to aware people about real cause of their problems and facilitate Goat Rearers Group (GRG) formation. These GRG in turn select one goat farming women as potential “Pashu Sakhi” , which is criteria based selection.

Baseline of the area –

A detailed baseline of the target household (20% sample) is taken to get a baseline, which is used for comparative change comparision after project interventions.

Training of Pashu Sakhi –

From each village one Pashu Sakhi is trained in a group of 10 to 20 at nearby place. It is 5 days residential training process where trainer comes with all tools and training aids. A basic kit is provided to Pashu sakhies for field work.

Bakari Paalak Pathshaala (Shepherd’s School) initiation with community –

The goat Trust targets 16 major practice change with priority set as per field condition and these all are shared with farmer through a picture based tools and in regular meeting.

Audio visual show to promote improved practices –

A mobile video show on van is organized in each village on 5 major process change required to aware goat farmers on improved practices and learn from successful cases.

Fortnightly Pashu Sakhi meeting for capacity building and work based payment –

Pashu Sakhies are groomed through fortnightly meeting to review their work, field related problems and payments are made as per work performed through a developed payment sheet.

Grading of Pashu Sakhi/GRG/Goat farmers –

Support has in built mechanism of regular grading of each service provider and monitor changes at goat farmers level including economics trekking.

Tracking mortality of goats and support for appropriate technical strategy –

The Goat Trust support model tracks mortality of goats over the months and provides technical support to the team to reduce mortality around 3 to 4 % annually within a year. Similarly loss making factors like abortion, paralysis, infertility are taken into account and various training and strategic support is extended to partner to effectively reduce it.

Launching of Community based Insurance for goats –

Once mortality is under control, a community based goat insurance product is designed through taking risk mapping and frequency mapping exercise and pro poor product development principles.

Development of Community managed Livestock Business center –

Normally this all lead to establishment of a community owned and professional (Social Enterprise Manager, where some CLM graduates) managed Livestock Business center to provide all input supply and output marketing facility on business principles. Such units are then made independent to undertake business with identified traders and input suppliers.

Since beginning The Goat Trust have supported over 48 organisations, reaching to 1.25 Lakh goat farmers to extend similar support in varying degree. We work with two models of support –

Limited technical Support partnership –

Wherein some identified support is only extended to partner organization like, field study, training and pre decided field follow ups – As on around around 30 organisations are getting support from The Goat Trust on this model. Such support generally costs Rs 2 to 3 Lakh as professional cost for 500 goat farmers in 12 months.

Full technical support model –

As per design in such case all above envisaged support fro a cluster is ensured over 24 months. Per year cost of support all inclusive for 1000 goat farmers is roughly Rs 8 to 10 lakh. Normally two years cost per goat farmer family comes Rs 650 to 700 inclusive of professional, travel, back office and overheads.

Area feasibility study and strategy development support

Technical support till date

Full Technical support partners -

  1. Maharshtra State Rural Livelihood Mission (MSRLM)
  2. North East Rural Livelihoods Promotion Society
  3. Uttrakahnd Gramya Vikas Samiti – Integrated Livelihoods Support
  4. Jharkahnd State Livelihoods promotion Society
  5. Reliance Foundation
  6. Dr Reddys Foundation
  7. Catholic Relief Society
  8. Bundelkhand Network of partners
  9. Vishwas Sansthan
  10. Rajasthan Network of Partners
  11. World Vision India

Limited Technical Support partners -

List of partners
  1. Find Your Feet
  2. Sai Jyoti, Lalitpur
  3. Farm & Farmers
  4. WVI ADPs in Uttar Pradesh
  5. IGWDP Udaipur
  6. Help a child India (HACI)
  7. KGVK, Jharkhand
  8. KIGS, Jaipur

Area feasibility study and strategy development support -

  1. Post Tsunami Sustainable livelihoods program, Chennai
  2. Society for elimination of Rural Poverty (SERP), Telangana
  3. Center for micro Finance , Japur
  4. IL & FS, Nasik
  5. CINI, Jharkhand

Field Working Process and Time Bound targeted outcome

Evolved with significant experiences and field experimentation, The Goat Trust model has evolved from developing village level and cluster level support system to integrated services development for goat based livelihoods ranging from production technology, institutions building to financial and marketing services and developing a state level organizations to strengthen, upscale, deepen goat based livelihoods support system and help in promoting farming systems development for sustainable use of resources and physical and natural assets.

The Goat Trust support model now spans to three distinct but complementary phases of support in any geographical areas with clear cut interventions, outputs and institutional role in each phase. As we work further, more clarity on design and roles may evolve but following are distinct output and activities of various phases in a undertaken project area, which concludes hand over of created systems and resources to community by 4th Year –
Complete project cycle duration – 4 years

Phase I

Normal Duration –18 Months

Major output of Phase I

S. No Major Outputs Minimum Adoption Target Means Of Verification
1. Vaccination 90% Baseline comparision to mid line and end line (10% Sample study)
2. Adoption of Deworming 80% Baseline comparision to mid line and end line (10% Sample study)
3. Adoption of Home remedy/Herbal medicine & First aid 25% Baseline comparision to mid line and end line (10% Sample study)
4. Open paddock for goats (Ropes Untied) 5% Baseline comparision to mid line and end line (10% Sample study)
5. Improvement in existing goat house as per standard practices 5% Baseline comparision to mid line and end line (10% Sample study)
6. Adoption of Feeding Manger 25% Baseline comparision to mid line and end line (10% Sample study)
7. Adoption of Fodder stand 25% Baseline comparision to mid line and end line (10% Sample study)
8. Adoption of Water stand 25% Baseline comparision to mid line and end line (10% Sample study)
9. Adoption of Concentrate feeding 25% Baseline comparision to mid line and end line (10% Sample study)
10. Adoption of castration by castrator 10% Baseline comparision to mid line and end line (10% Sample study)
11. Adoption of Mineral mixture (at least once in a year) 25% Baseline comparision to mid line and end line (10% Sample study)
12. Replacement of low quality goats with high productive goats 5% Baseline comparision to mid line and end line (10% Sample study)

Major Targeted Outcome

S. No Main Indicator Target Measurement tools
1 Adult Goat Mortality Less than 6% Comparision with baseline (10% as random sample of Target households)
2 Kids mortality Less than 10% Comparision with baseline (10% as random sample of Target households)
3 Incremental Kids Weight at Birth 20% Comparision with baseline (10% as random sample of Target households)
4 Increment in Kids weight at 6 months 30% Comparision with baseline (10% as random sample of Target households)
5 Increase in milk yield of goat 20% Comparision with baseline (10% as random sample of Target households)
6 Increase in sale price per kg Live body weight (Inflation adjusted) 5% Comparision with baseline (10% as random sample of Target households)
7 Increase in surplus annual Sales of goats by farmer (Herd size Increase) 20% Comparision with baseline (10% as random sample of Target households)
8 Decrease in Infertility 50% Comparision with baseline (10% as random sample of Target households)
9 Decrease in inter- kidding period 20% Comparision with baseline (10% as random sample of Target households)

Quality Monitoring Tools

  1. Pashu Sakhi Grading
  2. GRG grading
  3. Goat Farmers grading
  4. Team member reflections
  5. Baseline and endline
  6. Quantitative data analysis and reports

Reporting system – Monthly and quarterly

Coordination Meeting –
  1. Weekly at team level
  2. Monthly at State level (Only Coordinators)
  3. Quarterly all staff level along with Program Director
S. No Responsibility Major activities Time Line
1 Study team Area feasibility study First month or pre MoU
2 HR and Training wing Recruitment of staff & orientation of team Second Month
3 Implementation team Selection & training of CLM Third Month
4 Study & Monitoring team Baseline of project area Fourth Month
5 Local team & CLM Organising Goat farmers in group – PRA & Group formation Fourth Month
6 Local team & CLM Selection of Pashu Sakhies Fifth month
7 Training Team First Training of Pashu Sakhi Fifth month
8 Local team & CLM Vaccination and deworming Fifth to sixth month
9 Local team & CLM Video shows –Community capacity building on basic practices Sixth month
First Quarter meeting
10 Local team & CLM Bakari paalak Paathshaala Seventh & eighth month continues
11 Local team & CLM Pashu Sakhi grading & Refresher training Ninth month
Second Quarter meeting
12 Local team & CLM Model Goat houses & Technology demonstration /Training of Pashu Sakhi on payment sheet making 10th month
13 Local team & CLM Pashu Sakhi led kids nursery & business promotion/ Refresher Training of Pashu Sakhi on Herbal/Homeo/Home remedies 10th to 12th Month
14 Study team Midline to assess major changes & Documentation 13th Month
Third quarter meeting
15 Study team Insurance product development study & Market study to fix live body weight goat pricing equation and declaration of pricing of goats – 500 samples (20 in each village) 14th to 15th month
16 Training Team Training and launching of community led goat insurance 15th Month
17 Technical support team Special efforts to achieve set targets / Training on companion animals like duck/hen vaccination & deworming/basic issues By 17th month
18 Study team Endline and closure of first phase By 18th Month

Phase II

Duration 12 months

Major Outputs

S. No Responsibility Major activities Time Line
1 Training team Training of GRC Coordinator/Senior CLMs on Institution building and business promotion through GRC /Technical Skills Refresher 19th Month
2 GRC Coordinator & CLM Selection of Pratinidhi sabha members, Karykarini & leaders 20th Month
3 Training team Training of members on Institution vision and business management 21st Month
4 GRC Coordinator along with expert Physical Infra structure for GRC functioning (Land selection, leasing , Construction as per manual) 22nd to 24th Month
5 Training team Recruitment and Training of GRC staff 25th Month
6 Technical team Training & Input business technology/packaging standardization 25th to 26th month
7 Training team ToT of Pashu Sakhi for more Pashu Sakhi promotion within GRC area for saturation Convergence with on going government program
8 Training & marketing team Training of Pashu Sakhi on mobile based information exchange system
9 Marketing team Training of leaders on Goat marketing management system
10 Training and financial services management team Training of Karkarini members on micro leasing and goat procurement system
12 Marketing team Business promotion and leaders involvement/ accountability building /Linkages with other government programs 27th to 30th month

Major Outcome

  1. GRC institutional format and physical format gets ready
  2. GRC is able to launch its products and ensure input supply
  3. Market study and pricing equation for goats developed
  4. Live body weight pricing declaration starts in the area
  5. GRC also starts working as aggregation and information exchange platform for goat & goat products
  6. At least 100 goats and bucks are sold from the area

Phase III

Duration – 12 – 18 Months


  1. Registration of State level producer company with 10 functional GRC as members.
  2. Quarterly meeting of GRC representative (3) at State level to present their achievement against last plan and plan for next quarter.
  3. Building brand and taking bulk order in the state.
  4. Setting linkage and information exchange system across the state.
  5. Deputing trained professionals or recruiting competent professionals and trained them to manage state level operations with The Goat Trust Company wing as commission based partner.
  6. Handover of program to State agency/Producer Company.

Support Mechanism at The Goat Trust for Field Partnership projects

Training and handholding

Team for each State

  1. One Program Director for each state – Activity reporting and linkage with sponsoring agency
  2. One Technical person cum training /extension coordinator for two districts
  3. One financial services support person
  4. One marketing support person
  5. One Dedicated MIS cum Field work monitoring officer in each State
  6. Expert group (Project Secretariat) of 4 experts

Team for periodic Field Assessment & Monitoring (2 member team for 3 states with elaborate assessment plan)

Basic Assessment plan
  1. Baseline, Mid line and Endline on same format – 10% sample – 6 monthly basis data collection
  2. Pashu Sakhi assessment and grading
  3. 10% Goat farmer assessment
  4. Activity confirmation
Qualitative assessment and directional Support Visit – By Senior professional on six monthly basis.